Protective efficiency of an inactivated vaccine against Streptococcus iniae in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus
Streptococcus iniae is a causative agent of hemorrhagic septicemia in olive flounder, Paralichthys olivaceus, in Korea, resulting in serious economic losses. As a preventive measure, M VAC INIAE (Mastuken, Japan) was prepared from the S. iniae F2K strain and tested against the SI-36 strain prevalent on flounder fish farms on Jeju Island, Korea. F2K had a serotype of 38 (–) and SI-36 38 (+). The vaccine recognized both serotypes. It showed a very high effective immune response against S. iniae; the challenge test using the S. iniae SI-36 strain resulted in a relative percent survival (RPS) of 85.7-87.0% 2 weeks after vaccination and 71.0-80.0% 6 months after vaccination. Field vaccination and clinical challenge tests were performed at local Jeju aquafarms with S. iniae SI-36. These showed significantly reduced cumulative mortality when compared to the control group with RPS rates that ranged between 71-80%. Hence, the present study suggests that this vaccine showed a significant immune response against S. iniae and could be applied in commercial aquafarms as a therapeutic agent against â-hemolytic streptococcosis in cultured P. olivaceus.
Y.U. Jeong, D. Subramanian, D.H. Kim, S.H. Park, M.S. Heo [+]
Marine Pathogenic Microbes Lab, Department of Aquatic Biomedical Sciences, School of Marine Biomedical Sciences, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-756, South Korea
Jeju Special Self-Governing Province Ocean and Fisheries Research Institute, Pyoseon-myeon, Segwipo-si, Jeju 697-914, South Korea
Department of Aquatic Life Medicine, Kunsan National University, Kunsan 573-701, South Korea
Marine and Environmental Institute, Jeju National University, Jeju 690-814, South Korea
Y.U. Jeong and D. Subramanian contributed equally to this work.