Oxidative stress biomarkers in different tissues of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) exposed to Disinfectant-CIP formulated with peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide          [RESEARCH ARTICLE]

  • Halyna Tkachenko
  • Natalia Kurhaluk
  • Joanna Grudniewska
Keywords: rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss, peracetic acid, hydrogen peroxide, oxidative stress, antioxidant defense


The aim of study was to determine the effects of exposure to the product DEZYNFEKTANT-CIP (Eng. – Disinfectant-CIP), which is formulated with peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide, on oxidative stress biomarkers (lipid peroxidation (LPO) levels and the carbonyl content of oxidatively modified proteins) and antioxidant defenses (superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione reductase (GR), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), total antioxidant capacity) in muscle, gill, hepatic, and cardiac tissues of rainbow trout, Oncorhynchus mykiss (Walbaum). LPO and carbonyl contents changed with tissue type. Exposure to Disinfectant-CIP led to a significant decrease in LPO in muscle tissues and carbonyl content in muscle and gill tissues. The inhibition of SOD and CAT activity in muscle, hepatic, and cardiac tissues was observed probably because of increased oxidative stress during disinfection; however, hepatic and cardiac GPx activity increased in an attempt to counteract oxidative stress. We suggest that oxidative stress during the oxidation of peracetic acid and hydrogen peroxide could be counteracted by the antioxidant system in trout tissues. Correlative analysis between oxidative stress biomarkers and antioxidant defense confirms the pivotal role of SOD and CAT against CIP-induced oxidative stress.


H. Tkachenko [+], N. Kurhaluk
Department of Zoology and Animal Physiology
Institute of Biology and Environmental Protection
Pomeranian University, Słupsk, Poland
Tel. +48 59 84 05 460, e-mail: tkachenko@apsl.edu.pl
J. Grudniewska
Department of Salmonid Research, Rutki, Inland Fisheries Institute in Olsztyn, Poland